Hampshire Archaeology

Home » News » #Hart Heritage 6 – A Tudor House and Gardens at Greywell, by Linda Munday

#Hart Heritage 6 – A Tudor House and Gardens at Greywell, by Linda Munday

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 124 other followers

Greywell is a small village located near Odiham. Its name translates as the ‘badgers’ spring or stream’. The village was not individually mentioned in the Domesday book because it was probably included under Odiham but seems to have been a small agricultural community dating back to Saxon times (Hart D C, 2009). It was formerly known as Graiewella and Graiwell in the 7th and 8th centuries respectively. (Page 1911, 76)

Greywell’s population seems to have been at its peak in medieval times with approximately 405 people recorded as living there in 1347. This however, was followed by a sharp drop to 220 by 1450. It has therefore been suggested that this is a “shrunken village” which would have in the past been much larger. (Hart D C , 2009) There are certainly a number of bumps in the field to the south of the main thoroughfare called The Street, These have recently been interpreted as the remains of long lost medieval buildings. Pointing to this is the fact that there are only buildings on the north side of The Street with the south side looking across open fields which lead down to the church and the River Whitewater. (NEHHAS, 2017)

In July 2011, a walk around Greywell village was organised by NEHHAS for the Council of British Archaeology’s Festival of Archaeology. Members from the Berkshire Archaeology Research Group (BARG) also took part in the walk which highlighted some “interesting features” in the field locally known as Walk Meadow. (Sensicall and Wright 2011, 1)

Site of Tudor mansion in The Street 23 8 17 resized

Fig 1 – The Street, Greywell with Walk Meadow located to the left

Further research conducted following the walk highlighted a need for further investigation of the site. “Distinct rectilinear parch marks” were visible on an aerial photo of the field and historical evidence was found showing that a manor house once stood in the area. (NEHHAS 2017)

Aerial view

Fig 2 – Aerial view 2010 of site showing crop marks courtesy of NEHHAS

Subsequently, the following July, 2012 field walking took place as well as a magnetometer and resistivity survey of the area which was conducted jointly with the help of Berkshire Archaeology Research Group (BARG). The results from the resistivity survey were the clearest with a map shown below. The interpretation given for the results were that the survey was possibly highlighting the layout of a formal garden as opposed to the remains of the manor house. (HFC 2012, 8))

resist_map

Fig 3- Resistivity survey 2012 of Walk Meadow showing possible remains of formal garden

It is thought that the manor house may have overlooked this formal garden (parterre garden) and was possibly itself located to the West. Several Tudor bricks are visible alongside Walk Meadow with its boundary to The Street. (NEHHAS 2017)

formal gardens sketch Tony Wright

Fig 4- Tracing of possible garden over resistivity results

In June 2014, more survey work was undertaken by NEHHAS and BARG in the field next to Walk Meadow and adjacent to the church called Beverton Meadow. This was an attempt to prove that there was originally a medieval settlement around the church. The church itself is 12th century but there are records that show that there was a church in the 1086 Domesday book. However, there was no evidence of any buildings on the site with just the outline of paths and tracks visible. (NEHHAS 2017)

Greywell map digimap licence

Figure 5– Map showing the site of geophysical surveys in Walk and Beverton Meadow.

Greywell has thirty-one listed buildings including those dating from the Tudor era such as the 16th century Malt House, a long timber framed two storey house which dominates The Street. The wisteria creeper adorning its exterior is said to be about 150 years old.

House opposite tudor mansion field resized

Figure 6 – The Malt House, Greywell

To find out more about Tudor Hampshire click on the link below:

Discovering the Tudors through the Hampshire Archives

References

Hart District Council (2009) Greywell Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Proposals

HFC -Hampshire Field Club and Archaeology Society (2012) Archaeology in Hampshire Annual Report available online at www.hantsfieldclub.org.uk/hampshire-archaeology-report-2012-districts.pdf  accessed 5/1/2018

NEHHAS (2017) The Greywell Survey available online at http://www.nehhas.com/greywell.html accessed 5/12/2017

Page W (1911) Parishes, Greywell or Grewell, A History of the County of Hampshire Vol 4 ed. London: Victoria County History available online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/hants/vol4/pp76-79 accessed

Sensicall, B and Wright, T (2012) Archaeological Surveys at Greywell, Hampshire

 

Illustrations

Figure 1 – Walk Meadow field in The Street Greywell photograph by LMunday 23/8/17

Figure 2 – Aerial view 2010 of site showing crop marks courtesy of NEHHAS

Figure 3 – Resistivity map courtesy of Tony Groves and NEHHAS

Figure 4 – Tracing of possible garden over resistivity results courtesy of Tony Wright NEHHAS

Figure 5 Map showing Walk Meadow and Beverton Meadow under Digimap Licence

Figure 6 The Malt House Greywell photography by L Munday 23/8/17


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: